Diabetes & its Complications

Abstract

The Comparative Analysis of Obesity Risk Factors among Indian and Ukrainian Adolescents

Starets O, Khimenko T, Kaur N, Bharadwaj O.

Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges affecting many low-income and middle-income countries. The aim was to analyze risk factors like bad feeding culture and sedentary lifestyle and how they correlate with general health disorders in children and their parents. The study was held in two schools of India and two schools of Ukraine, contains total 202 observations. Analysis of parent's questionnaires revealed that 71%, 95% CI (58.62; 81.16) of Indian and 64%, 95% CI (54.86; 72.96) of Ukrainian families think that their budget is not enough. Obesity in parents was documented in 22%, 95% CI (12.75; 35.24) in India and 54%, 95% CI (40.07; 68.29) in Ukraine. As per analysis of children questionnaires, we found that fast food intake was significantly frequent in India 80%, 95% CI (71.65; 86.93) versus 13%, 95% CI (8;21.59) in Ukraine. While in results of the correlation of orthostatic complaints with sedentary lifestyle OR 5.9 95% CI (2;17) headache OR 2.8 95% CI (1.1;6.5), dizziness after playing OR 3.4 95% CI (1.4;8) in Indian children on contrary stomachache OR 5.2 95% CI (2;13) in Ukrainian. The study disclosed the enhancing factors of childhood obesity in both populations. Etiology of disease is multifactorial and complex, therefore an organized and advance approach of prevention is recommended.

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