Cardiology & Vascular Research

Abstract

Obesity and Overweight among Workers of the University Hospital Gabriel Touré (UH GT) in Bamako

Sangaré Ibrahima, BA Hamidou Oumar, Camara Youssouf, Menta Ichaka, Sidibé Noumou, Traoré Aladji, Kéita Bekaye, Sogodogo Adama, Diall Ilo Bella, Sangaré Lydia-Berenice SA, Coulibaly Souleymane, Diallo Boubakar and Sanogo Kassoum.

Introduction: Obesity is today a real public health problem. The aim of our study was to determine its prevalence, the associated behaviors and to assess the level of knowledge among the personal of the University Hospital Gabriel Touré about this cardiovascular risk factor.

Materials and methods: It was a cross-sectional and descriptive study in July 2014 at the University Hospital Gabriel Touré in Bamako including any worker who agreed to participate. We used a formulary to collect data and evaluated Body Mass Index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and WC-to-Hip ratio (WHr). These measures served to define and classify obesity. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version.12.

Results: The overall participation rate was 58.8% female being predominant with 53.1%. Based on BMI, obesity and overweight were found in respectively 35.1% and 34.4%. Using WC obesity prevalence was 49.8% for women and 10% for men. Applying WHr cut-off values 59.2% of women and 21.3% of men were obese. Frequently associated functional signs were joint pain (10.3%). Among the included participants 14.4% were able to define correctly obesity and 74.7% saw it as a disease. 78.6% of obese employees had an attitude of nibbler, 62.7% ate too fat and too sweet. Regular physical activity was practiced by 36.5% activity and 60.3% wanted to keep her weight as such.

Conclusion: Obesity and overweight are frequently encountered among worker of UH GT and are of raising concern. Hospital workers being crucial for sensitization to change behavior it is crucial to initiate actions in order to bring these workers to understand obesity and overweight health issues so they can adhere to obesity find program.

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