International Journal of Psychiatry Research


Prevalence of and Factors Associated with Self-Medication with Diazepam in Parakou City in 2018

DJIDONOU Anselme, TCHAOU Blaise Adelin, TOGNON TCHEGNONSI Francis, NOUKPONYI ArmelSèmassa, HOUINOU EBO Boris, BOKOSSA Covali elic GANDAHO Prosper.

Objective: The goal was to study the prevalence of and factors associated with diazepam self-medication in Parakou city in 2018.

Method: This study was a cross-sectional study including 450 subjects of both sexes who were at least 18 years of age and living in Parakou. The sample size was obtained using Schwartz’s formula. A pre-tested questionnaire was administered for data collection from April 1st to August 31st, 2018, using two-stage cluster sampling.

Results: The sex ratio was 1.2, and the prevalence of diazepam self-medication was 19.11%. The mean age of those who self-medicated was 47 ± 18.2 years (range of 18 and 82 years). Difficulty falling asleep (56.40%) was the main reason mentioned. Factors associated with self-medication included age of 68 to 77 years, significant life event, alcohol consumption, low monthly income and marital status.

Conclusion: Self-medication with diazepam is related to the concurrent consumption of alcoholic drinks, which increases the risk.

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