Diabetes & its Complications

Abstract

Study of Blood Glucose State and Its Relationship with Lipid Profiles in Diabetic Patients in Kirkuk Province

Aydin S.Ahmed, Pinar H. Tahir, Mohammed M. Al-Kattan.

Background: Prevalence of Type 2 DM has been increasing steadily everywhere the globe and quick turning into an outbreak in some countries of the globe, particularly in poorly developed countries. Hyperlipidemia is a common comorbidity in diabetes and is associated with diabetes.

Aim: The purpose of the present study is to investigate the blood lipid levels and their relationship with HbA1c and blood glucose in diabetic patients.

Patients and Methods: One hundred –four, type 2 diabetic diagnosed patients (equal sex) attending Babagurgur diabetes center in K1 Hospital-Kirkuk from 10/11/2018 to 10/4/2019, were subjected to this study. Their ages ranged between 32-79 years with a mean age of 54.8 ± 8.3 years.

Biochemical tests for evaluation of diabetes; fasting blood glucose (FBG) and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c %), and lipid profiles; cholesterol, triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels were measured.

Results: The results showed that there was a significant(p<0.05) increase in the tests of evaluation of blood sugar; FBG was 13.6 mmol/L and HbA1c of 9.6 % as mean values among the patients when compared with the same parameters in control group. Serum levels of cholesterol, triglycerides, and LDL showed significant (p<0.05) increase, while LDL decreased. HbA1c and FBG levels were correlated with increasing levels of cholesterol, triglycerides, and HDL. Regarding the changes in parameters among age groups, the age group 50-59 years constituted most the diabetic cases (43; 41.3%).

Conclusion: It is concluded that the older age and poor glycemic control are important risk factors related to hyperlipidemia in the current T2DM population and associated with adverse lipid profiles.

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